Constipation is a symptom more than a disease because it hides different conditions that cause it. Read on to learn more about the constipation treatment home remedies.

It is characterized by difficulty in bowel movements such as painful defecation, hard stool, and a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel.

It can also lead to other conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and fecal impaction.

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What are the causes of constipation?

The common causes of constipation are:

Slow-motion of the stool in the colon

Irritable bowel syndrome

Pelvic floor disease

Colon cancer



Inflammatory bowel disease

There are also some underlying diseases that can result in constipation such as Parkinson’s disease, celiac disease, etc. stress and anxiety are also known to cause constipation.

There are multiple treatments available for constipation such as laxatives, fiber supplements, enema, and surgical treatment but all of these have some kind of side effects or huge costs associated with them. Thus, people are looking more for constipation treatment home remedies.

There are many constipation treatment home remedies that people can follow from the comfort of their own homes that are supported by science.


Drinking enough water

Drinking water regularly and keeping the body hydrated help in normal bowel movements.

Normally, the colon (large intestine) absorbs water from the food while it passes through it and turns into stool but during constipation, the stool moves slowly through the colon and too much water gets absorbed which results in the hard and dry stool.

Warm water therapy is also found to be effective in constipation. It speeds up the process of digestion through heat and helps to flush push out the stool from the colon. 1, 2

Honey warm water helps in reducing constipation very effectively in patients with CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) surgery. Therefore, it can help in other cases of constipation too. 3

Drinking warm lemonade in the morning can also provide relief from constipation.

Consuming fruits

Fruits contain water, sorbitol, fructose, fiber, and phytochemicals. Fruits such as pear, grape, plump, and apple with peel are rich in fiber and prove helpful in constipation.

Only bananas are not recommended as it contains a high amount of tannins and amylase-resistant starch content. 4

Citrus fruits are rich in pectin (indigestible carbohydrate contained in the cellular wall of the vegetal tissue). It is a soluble fiber that proves to be an adjuvant in controlling constipation. Besides pectin, citrus fruits like other fruits contain water, sorbitol, fructose, fiber, and phytochemicals. 5

Fruits can also be consumed in the form of juices or shakes by adding more water, dietary fiber, and cumin or fennel seeds.

Consuming Seeds

Cumin seeds are used in everyday meal, but it also has a huge effect on constipation. 

Cumin seeds can control diarrhea and constipation if used in the proper doses. Some countries also consume powder forms of cumin and salt with water to boost digestion. 6

Fennel seeds are used as herbal medicine to treat a variety of diseases such as fever, mouth ulcers, stomach aches, constipation, and diarrhea.

Studies have shown that fennel seeds have anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, and anti-oxidant effects. 7, 8

Take ½ tablespoon powder of fennel seeds and add in tea or warm water in the morning. 

Consuming dietary fiber

What are the types of dietary fibers?

Dietary fiber is a type of carbohydrate that is not digested by the enzymes in our body. Based on their physical properties they are divided into soluble fiber, insoluble fiber, and resistant starch. Soluble and resistant starch acts as prebiotics and helps in digestion in the large bowel. 9, 10

Soluble fiber can absorb the water in the intestine and makes the stool soft.

Food items high in soluble fiber: kidney beans, Brussel sprouts, figs, black beans, avocados, broccoli, carrots, apples, guava, apricots, and flax seeds. Psyllium soaks water

Insoluble fiber does not absorb water but it increases the bulk of the stool and helps in normal defecation. Sources: wheat bran/flour, potato with peel, nuts, beans, and cauliflower have insoluble fiber in them.

Resistant starch is a carbohydrate that ferments in the large intestine and acts as a prebiotic.

The heating and cooling of several food items such as rice and potato produce resistant starch.

Exercising regularly

Brisk walking and light exercise can improve the defecation process. But studies also suggest that mild to moderate exercise is beneficial for the gastrointestinal tract while rigorous training can worsen the symptoms of constipation. 11

Drinking coffee and tea

Coffee and tea both can stimulate the process of digestion and help in constipation. Decaffeinated coffee is recommended more as it does not have caffeine and thus does not cause dehydration while consuming too much-caffeinated coffee can have opposite outcomes and constipation can worsen as it can dehydrate the body. 12


Probiotics are live microorganisms that can have health benefits when consumed or applied. They improve digestion, kill pathogenic (disease-causing) bacteria, and produce vitamins. Some food items that are good sources of probiotics: Yogurt. Buttermilk, Cheese, Pickles, sauerkraut, Kimchi. 13

Low FODMAP diet

FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols. These are carbohydrates that are not properly digested by the body and they ferment in the large intestine, where they break into carbon dioxide, methane, and hydrogen gas which can cause gas, bloating, and pain in some people. 14

These are not always bad for the body as they also contain some prebiotics that helps in digestion such as fructose found in fruits, polyols in artificial sweeteners, and lactose in dairy products.

The low-FODMAP diet has shown significant improvement in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome.

It involves reducing the intake of FODMAP food items for a limited period of time and reintroducing them after improving indigestion.

Food items that are sources of FODMAP:

Cauliflower, mushrooms, apple, cabbage, beans, green beans, pulses, Brussel sprouts, spring onion, beetroot, globe artichoke, wheat, barley, onion, garlic, rye, asparagus, fennel, red cabbage, blackberry, cherry, litchi, pears, plums, prunes and many other items that contain fructans, polyols, and galactans.


Constipation treatment home remedies are a list of ways to treat constipation but constipation can be caused due to multiple reasons and underlying causes. Hence, always consult a doctor if the symptoms persist.

About the author

Deepanshu has a Master's in chemistry. He has worked extensively on research subjects regarding cancer and radio nuclear science and has continually reviewed nutrition science.

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